The Shroud of Turin, Italy

34 trillion Watts of ultraviolet radiation were needed to dye the Shroud of Turin

The Shroud of Turin is a linen cloth measuring 3.9 x 1 meter with a faint image of a crucified man believed to be Jesus Christ. The fabric is the most analyzed artifact in the world, but due to its many inexplicable properties, it remains a mystery that still leads to new discoveries.

The cloth is made of hand-spun linen. Historians have determined that the cloth is woven in a 3-to-1 herringbone pattern whose measurements match the loom technique of the 10th century AD. The fine weave confirms the statement from the New Testament that the mantle was a “fine linen cloth”.

The picture is a  photo negative  and below you can see what it really looks like on the right

Sve peduken’s big eight are the front and back full-body images of a 178 cm tall “crucified man”. The man is characterized by long hair, a full beard and a pattern of bloodstains consistent with the wounds inflicted on Jesus according to the four biblical gospel accounts of the New Testament.

Here are some of the wounds seen on screen:

  • Over 100 whip marks on every part of his body, consistent with ancient Roman whips used at the time.
  • Bloodstains that formed a circle around the top of his head are consistent with the crown of thorns .
  • Severely bruised knees that may have been caused by a fall on the way to the crucifixion.
  • Bloodstains around holes in the man’s wrists and feet consistent with the tracks of large nails , the marks of the crucifixion.
  • Bloodstains around a large wound consistent with the injury caused by a spear in his side.
  • The man on the mantle did not have broken bones, which is consistent with the biblical account. The legs of both thieves crucified on either side of Jesus were crushed to hasten suffocation and death. Jesus was already dead, so the Romans didn’t need to break his bones.


  • The blood is human blood of blood type AB.
  • The picture is a photo negative and it was first seen in full in 1891 when the first photograph of it was taken.
  • The image was created after the blood ended up on the canvas, and consists of a material change of an extremely thin surface. The only way you could recreate it today would be with an argon fluoride laser. But it would need higher power than what is currently available.
  • The image is 3-dimensional , it contains depth data, something that was first seen with recent computer simulations.
  • Of the 58 different pollen samples taken, 45 come from the Galilee.
  • A carbon-14 test was done in 1988. A sample was sent to 3 different labs which showed that the cloth was from about 1350, but it later turned out that the sample was taken from a repair made after a fire in the Middle Ages .
  • Later dating was done with an IR spectroscopy test, which shows that the cloth is from 700 BC to 100 AD, as well as a laser spectroscopy test, which shows 700 BC to 300 AD